History of Electric Induction Heating

This Chapter

Induction Heating
  1. Early work to Salesman
  2. Salesman to entrepreneur
  3. Vacuum furnaces
  4. Henry Rowan, Mars Rocket
  5. Cheston, Cragmet, IRS
  6. Visit Russia, Meet Vera
  7. Around the world, Meet the president
  8. Kramatorsk
  9. Consarc
  10. Consarc UK
  11. Carbon contract
  12. Russians in Scotland
  13. The Embargo is Coming
  14. Embargo and Aftermath
  15. BEPA
  16. After BEPA
  17. Fiber Materials Appeal
  18. Consarc Officials Deny Wrongdoing in Sales to Soviets
  19. Memos from Henry Rowan to Metcalf
  20. Rowland motor patent 1868
  21. Rowland reviews the bids for Niagara Falls power station
  22. Metcalf's father's poem, and Metcalf genealogy
  23. The Peace Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
  24. Problems of Russia's Policy With Respect to China and Japan
  25. History of Ajax Magnethermic
  26. The most important event for Inductotherm
  27. Fright Flight
  28. Black art of carbon production
  29. Polaris Missile
  30. Nuclear Airplane
  31. Nuclear Engine
  32. Molten metal eats through and explodes
  33. Cannon Muskegon Corporation
  34. Metcalf at General Motors Research from April 1955 to Oct 1955
  35. Metcalf pouring superalloy at GE from Oct 1955 to June 1956
  36. Metcalf at Waimet (later Howmet) from June 1956 to July 1957
  37. Black art of carbon production
  38. Project to test NASA hot hydrogen engine
  39. Special Metals Number 9
  40. Metcalf joins Inductotherm group
  41. Device to load materials into a furnace for melting
  42. Bank reneged on a commitment to finance a job in Russia
  43. Inductotherm private airport
  44. NERVA (Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Application) and all I know about carbon
  45. NERVA Engine Control Rods
  46. same as 383-Nuke.html
  47. Development of Polaris missle
  48. Ajax NASA
  49. Production of carbon fabrics and threads made from rayon
  50. George Houghton, Aerojet Inspector gives Metcalf Rocket history
  51. Rayon to carbon to graphite
  52. Metcalf buys the control division of the Pelton Water Wheel Company
  53. Rowan's account of firing Consarc President
  54. Kama Purchasing Commission, Ukraine
  55. Role of chromium in vacuum melters
  56. ASEA wins contract for isopress
  57. Induction heating to re-refile tank cannon
  58. Hoover-Ugine Company
  59. Letter to Henry Rowan at Inductotherm
  60. John Mortimer in Rancocas
  61. Consarc Board of Directors Meeting
  62. Consarc Board of Directors Meeting
  63. Hillbilly
  64. How to produce Calcarb
  65. Newsday, late 1987
  66. Embargo Regulations
  67. Seizure of Goods
  68. Minutes of Dept of Trade, London
  69. Minutes of ECGD Meeting
  70. Rowan Interview
  71. Bombshell looks like dud
  72. Letter to Hank Rowan
  73. Consarc Board Meeting
  74. Minutes of DTI Meeting, London
  75. Stansted Fluid Power
  76. Minutes of DTI Meeting, 3 Oct 85
  77. Letter to IHI Master Metals

Induction Heating

By James Farol Metcalf

Fright Flight

With a family of four and the youngest at six months there was no way Jo Ann could make the long drive from Hazleton, PA to Asheville, NC in the spring of 1960. We were very busy at the Beryllium factory and they only allowed me a long weekend to drive the family home for the summer. The Interstate system was under construction but only a few miles only a few miles were completed for this trip.

We loaded the kids on a mattress behind the front seat of a 1958 Ford station wagon so they would sleep most of the trip mostly down US 11 through Virginia. By noon Saturday the family was home for the summer. Jo Ann needed the car and airline ticket cost made flying back to Hazleton out of the question. Bus service would take two days at a minimum. For the next to the last time in my life the thumb was stuck out. This time I was dressed in a business suit with a brief case very early on a Sunday morning. The first person to pick me up was Billy Graham on his way to Greensboro, NC for a church service. The next ride was up US 29 up to the middle of Virginia then a short ride across US 60 to US 11 at Lexington, VA. The final ride got me the bus station in Harrisburg, PA just about sunset. After a couple of changes I arrived in Hazleton where Jo Lona picked me up at the bus station in time for work on Monday morning.

Joe's new bride, Pat, had a 1951 green Chevrolet that Joe considered excess to his family needs so Pat sold it to me for $100. Pat would never quite forgive me and Joe for that transaction and I would drive that car for at least 100,000 miles before the old Chevy gave up.

Hank Rowan told me that he had a trip planned to Savanna River in July and would be pleased to give me a lift. We agreed on a date that included a weekend. The tail number on his twin engine Apache was 007P. I would buy this plane from him eight years later.

The Atomic Energy Department used the Savanna facility for production of Plutonium and other items for the atomic bomb. Both Hank and I had "Q" clearances for top secrets on a "need to know" basis. I did not tell Hank what we were making in the back room in Hazleton and he did not tell me what he was going to be doing in Savanna River.

Hank picked me up on a Friday afternoon for the three-hour flight to Asheville. The weather forecast was good and I enjoyed sitting in the co-pilots seat until we saw a cloud bank ahead in the mountainous region of northwest North Carolina. Just to the south of our position was the highest point east, Mount Mitchell at 6684 feet. Hank started a climb to go over the clouds but at about 13,000-feet he gave up and turned to the west toward the Tri-Cities airport in northeast Tennessee. We ran into a rainstorm and Hank did not have his instrument rating. For a few minutes my knees were knocking uncontrollably until Hank asked me to turn the knob on the radio station to find the tower at Tri-Cities airport. The tower asked if he was in trouble and wanted to declare a "May Day". Hank replied that he was in clear skies and just wanted help to find the airport.

We soon broke out of the weather with a clear view of the landing strip. The controllers chewed out Rowan but did not write him up. I told Hank I would hitch hike the last 80-miles and this was really the last time at the age of 29.

I was in bed before midnight at my parents home in West Asheville on the hill that overlooked the French Broad River. The next morning Hank filed a VFR, visual flight rules plan to continue to Savanna but got socked in before he reached Knoxville. He decided to fly up the French Broad gorge to Asheville hoping to find the good weather forecasted for the region. This was a dangerous route and he had to fly on instruments most of the way before landing at a small airport a few hundred feet from where I was sleeping. We did not discuss this night until many years later.

On the way back north the family were to learn a strict set of travel rules that would continue until they were young adults. Bathroom before we move, hold it until the gasoline tank needed filling, lunch with chicken drumsticks, mashed potatoes and a glass of milk. No exceptions.